Philosophy of Nature

Philosophy of Nature




ECTS credit:4

Lecturer(s): doc. dr. Malec Maja


• The concept of nature in Pre-Socratic philosophy: phýsis, cosmos and ethos;
• nature, necessity, determinism and freedom in Greek and Roman philosophies;
• Plato's philosophy of nature in Timaeus;
• Aristotle's Physics and the treatise On the Sky;
• cosmology and ethics in the Stoic conception of nature:
• philosophy of nature in the Middle Ages (especially Eriugena and Cusanus);
• from geocentrism to heliocentrism (from Ptolemy to Copernicus);
• Giordano Bruno, philosopher of infinity
• Spinoza's pantheism: Deus sive natura;
• mathematics, experience and metaphysics in the post-Cartesian philosophy of nature;
• nature in the German classical philosophy (especially in Kant and Schelling);
• concepts of nature in the modern philosophy (especially in analytic and phenomenological schools)
• importance of modern scientific developments for the contemporary philosophy of nature (theory of relativity, quantum physics, biological sciences etc.);
• contemporary philosophy of nature and ethical issues.